Landschaftsarchitektur und Architektur : Reflexionen, Einordnungen und Perspektiven der Wechselwirkung zweier Professionen
- Landscape Architecture and Architecture : Reflections, Classifications and Perspectives on the Interplay of two Professions
Ruckert, Christoph; Krause, Christian L. (Thesis advisor)
Aachen : Publikationsserver der RWTH Aachen University (2007)
Dissertation / PhD Thesis
Aachen, Techn. Hochsch., Diss., 2007
At the turn of the 20th and 21st century far-reaching changes in urban and rural regions imply a transformation in the performance requirements for the professions of landscape architecture and architecture. Simultaneous shrinking and growing of settlement structures, a diversification in the demands of users in regard to the living and working environment and the correlated economic, ecological and social complexity of planning tasks mean new challenges for the two disciplines: these problems cannot be solved isolated from each other, integrated and sustainable long term solutions are needed instead of superficial and one-dimensional approaches. The increasing correlation between building and open space systems implied in these tendencies necessitates a redetermination of the professions involved and their relationship to each other. Professional self-conceptions and perspectives of landscape architects and architects as well as the implied positions in practice manifest themselves in planned and realised 'products'. Aiming to achieve appropriate results and to draw adequate conclusions the multiplex spatial interaction between landscape architecture and architecture is analysed and categorised here based on representative projects. In this way a system of the diverse approaches and focal points of the design interplay between these two disciplines can be developed: spatial references and forming influences as well as the mutual integration of design elements, artificial citations and visual interconnections. The analysis of the relationship between landscape architecture and architecture and the according classification covers both the historical as well as the current contexts. Thereby different scales from single objects to spacious planning are taken into account. Additionally the positions and professional profiles of relevant protagonists are incorporated into the study. Thus complex and sometimes parallel processes can be correlated with each other and overall tendencies of professional development can be differentiated. This approach shows the multi-layered strands of profilation, expansion, hierarchisation and interdisciplinary cooperation. In the conclusion intersections in designing between landscape architecture and architecture – in consideration of separate competences – are summarised. This is followed by statements on the reciprocal positioning of the two professions in practice. Due to the high relevance for future developments a conceptual model for a study structure that takes account of the gained results is included. Thereby fields of professional overlapping and differentiation as well as individual focuses and specialisations are being shaped. Links to connecting points and questions for further research as well as a description of the implementation in teachings complete the work.